Light design plays a crucial role in an environment’s atmosphere. A room’s lighting can affect people’s moods and even elicit physical reactions. Effective lighting design — whether in a church, school or museum — can enhance a space’s structure and purpose.
One way to approach lighting design is with light layering. By using several different light sources and types at once, you develop an in-depth and balanced atmosphere. Learning more about the different layers of lighting — ambient, task and accent — helps you understand how to integrate them into your property.
Read on to learn more about implementing layers of lighting and how Illuminated Integration can help.
What Is Layered Lighting?
Layered lighting uses three lighting techniques to brighten a room entirely. It adds a base layer and accents to create dimensions and textures throughout the space. Each layer of light complements the other to establish a comprehensive lighting solution. Layered lighting helps build an aesthetically pleasing and functional room.
You can use a wide range of light fixtures and sources to achieve your desired design. Anything from floor lamps to overhead fixtures can establish a layered structure.
Why Is Layered Lighting Important?
Whether you’re lighting a theater or a sports venue, different environments have specific lighting considerations. Layered lighting helps you accentuate particular features and areas.
Here are a few examples of why layered light is so essential:
- Add depth and dimension: Layered lighting transforms dull or uniform spaces into engaging ones. Without various layers, lighting can appear lifeless or unflattering to visitors. Layered lighting adds texture and depth to a room, making it more aesthetically pleasing and exciting.
- Alter a mood: Layered lighting allows you to change a room’s mood with just a few adjustments. Each layer works together to establish a comprehensive lighting design. If you adjust one or more layers, you can alter the mood. For instance, you might dim an accent light to create a softer atmosphere. The other lighting layers complement this change and update the entire space’s mood.
- Showcase specific features: Spaces vary widely based on their features and assets. You can use layered lighting to emphasize particular areas or features. It allows you to emphasize an exciting feature while brightening the entire room. For example, you could accentuate wall art, a countertop, a desk or anything in between.
- You can create a comfortable atmosphere: With three different layers, you can establish a welcoming and aesthetically pleasing environment. The layers balance throughout the room, generating a comfortable atmosphere for guests and users.
What Are the Three Layers of Lighting?
To understand how to layer lighting, an understanding of three distinctive components should be acknowledged : ambient, task and accent. Here is a closer look at each layer:
1. Ambient Lighting
Also known as general lighting, ambient lighting adds overall illumination to a room. In other words, ambient lighting brightens an entire space and makes it possible to see clearly. It provides a uniform base layer for rooms.
Designers typically base ambient lighting decisions on room components like:
- Size and structure: Rooms can vary widely by dimensions and overall structure. Your ambient lighting should provide natural illumination for the space, making it vital to match these dimensions. For instance, a room with high ceilings would require more light to brighten the entire room.
- Aesthetic: General lighting should also blend naturally with a room’s aesthetic. It can meld with existing color schemes and moods to create a uniform atmosphere. For example, soft lighting would match a nude color scheme, while a vibrant color might be too shocking.
- Purpose: Lastly, ambient lighting should align with a room’s intention. The space’s purpose is typically reflected in its design. For example, areas like kitchens or offices often use cooler themes, while living rooms have warm tones. You can select the general lighting’s intensity and shade based on the room’s typical purpose.
Natural light is often used as an ambient light source. Designers also create ambient lighting with overhead light fixtures, such as:
- Ceiling fixtures
- Ceiling fans
- Lighting panels
Ambient lighting is crucial for illuminating rooms but is often bland on its own. The other lighting layers complement the basic layer to develop a more in-depth lighting solution.
2. Task Lighting
Once the ambient layer lights the entire space, you can implement task lighting to accentuate specific areas. Task lighting highlights certain areas and removes shadows, glares or other distracting features that might cause eyestrain. For example, task lighting fixtures might illuminate a stovetop or countertop in a kitchen. Or, task lighting might emphasize a workstation in an office.
Designers achieve task lighting using lights like:
- Floor lamps
- Table lamps
- Desk lamps
- Bathroom vanity lights
- Cabinet lights
When choosing task lighting, you should analyze a room’s primary function or focus and consider how much light the associated area requires. For example, the primary function of an office is to provide a place for someone to work. The main focus of the room, then, is likely the desk. With that in mind, consider how much light is needed around the desk.
Some task lights use tight beams and angles to strengthen their intensity. For instance, a task light above a kitchen island might be more intense than a reading nook light.
Combining ambient and task lighting makes a room more functional and accessible. The final lighting layer allows you to add decorative finishes.
3. Accent Lighting
Accent lighting unites the three layers with a personalized finish. It complements the other elements and highlights specific architecture or decorations. Accent lighting is the most subjective lighting layer and allows you to customize a space based on preferences and belongings.
For example, you could use accent lighting to emphasize features like:
- Floral arrangements
- Wall art
- Decorative vases
Common accent lights include:
- Wall sconces
- Track lighting
- LED tape
- Rope lighting
You can also use accent lights to illuminate hard-to-reach areas. Ambient lighting might be unable to brighten corners or high areas, but you can add accent lights to highlight those spots.
Contact Illuminated Integration Today
A combination of ambient, task and accent lighting creates a safe, comfortable and accessible environment. From illuminating the room to adding personal touches, a complete layer design can transform your space.
At Illuminated Integration, we understand the importance of well-balanced and detailed lighting design. Whether you manage a performance venue, a K 12 school or anything in between, the lighting impacts performance and enjoyment. Our expert team can help you determine how to layer lighting in a way that optimizes your space. After an in-depth consultation where we discuss your preferences and goals, we build an original design that matches your room’s specifications. Then, our expert technicians install your new lighting system, answering any questions that arise during the process.